CNA Job Description

Being on the job hunt for any period of time can quickly make you numb to the particulars of the process. It can be very easy to zone out while you find nursing assistant jobs you’re qualified for and go through the motions of applying. The problem with this is that you might end up wasting your time interviewing for positions that aren’t a good fit for you, or worse, taking a job that you’re not going to like. That’s why it’s important to have a close look at the CNA job description when applying for a position.

What’s the point of a job description?

Before we dissect a CNA job description, it’s important to understand what it is and why it’s important.


A job description is an outline provided by employers explaining the main duties and responsibilities of a job they are providing. Usually, the job description is put together by someone responsible for overseeing the position, done with the assistance of the company’s Human Resources department. The job description serves two purposes. It helps screen candidates by explaining the requirements of the position and encourage qualified people to apply, and it informs people without the necessary qualifications that the job is not for them.

Typical CNA job description

Now that we understand exactly what a job description is, and why it’s important, let’s have a look at a fairly standard nurse aide job description you would find while searching for employment.

Certified Nursing Assistant

Example Hospital
Anytown, NY

Job Description

Provides routine and repetitive patient care activities to patients/residents. Maintains standards of nursing care, under the supervision of registered nurses and other personnel in accordance with the philosophy, goals, and objectives of the Example Hospital’s established policies.

Summary of Essential Job Functions

  • Provides basic bedside care to patients under the supervision of a nurse
  • Performs activities of daily living and patient hygiene.
  • Maintains resident’s privacy during the activities of daily living
  • Manages and maintains patient comfort
  • Lifts patients into beds, wheelchairs or exam tables in keeping with specific patient safety standards
  • Performs morning or evening care, including mouth care, peri-care, linen change, and blanket as necessary
  • Collects information about conditions and treatment plans from caregivers
  • Examines patients for bruises and other injuries/wounds
  • Provides and empties bedpans
  • Changes bedding and restocks necessary supplies
  • Performs restorative and rehabilitative procedures as directed
  • Performs a variety of routine patient care procedures including, collecting and delivering specimens, recording patient height, and weight, taking and documenting vital signs, providing assistance with nourishment and infection control techniques etc.
  • Assists with patient’s admission and discharge
  • Organizes, cleans and maintains the patient/resident units
  • Ensures that resident’s/patient’s rights are adhered to
  • Participates in departmental meetings and follows established guidelines

Qualifications

Education:

  • High school diploma or G.E.D.
  • Graduate of a state accredited Nursing Assistant Program

Licenses/Certifications:

  • Current State of New York Certified Nursing Assistant license
  • Current Basic Life Support (BLS) certification

Experience:

  • 2 years of CNA experience preferred, preferably in a nursing home or long term care facility

Abilities Required:

  • Strong interpersonal communication skills
  • Fluent in speaking, reading and writing in English
  • Ability to be empathetic and caring towards patients, their family members, and fellow employees

Working Conditions:

  • Standard working conditions for a CNA, the facility has adequate ventilation and lighting
  • Exposure to toxic or caustic chemicals: CNAs will encounter bio-hazardous waste and occasionally flammable, explosive gas
  • Infectious Material Exposure: Regular exposure to blood/body fluids/tissues

The job information listed above is a fairly standard CNA description at many facilities, so let’s break down the various elements of this description.

What is the job title?

Most job boards and company websites will lead with the job title. In the example above, the title is the very straightforward “Certified Nursing Assistant”. While this may not appear to mean much on the surface, there is useful information to be had from that title. For example, let’s remind ourselves what does “CNA” stand for? The “C” is the important part here, as some facilities will offer nursing assistant job descriptions and titles for positions such as:

  • Assistant nursing technician
  • Patient care aide

Oftentimes, these positions are for people who have not received their CNA license. This may mean the job has a lower pay scale than you’d regularly expect for a CNA. Alternately, if you do not yet have your CNA certification, these job titles may mean you’re qualified for the position without your license and can gain experience as you work your way towards becoming a CNA.

CNA job description/position summary

The Certified Nursing Assistant job description in the example listing above is very much what you should expect to see in a listing for nursing assistant duties from most employers. As a prospective employee, you’ll want to see as detailed of a list of CNA job duties as possible so there aren’t too many unanswered questions about your role when you go for an interview or eventually get the job.

Look for unusual responsibilities that you may not be comfortable performing, and familiarize yourself with some of the fairly standard job requirements to take note of those that aren’t listed in the job description. For example, if you don’t see any mention of assisting with activities of daily living (ADL), assisting with personal hygiene like bathing and dressing, and helping ambulate, transfer or move patients, you may want to ask about their absence in the job description. If these duties are not required, that’s fine – not every duty can be listing in a job description, but asking about their absence will help show a potential employer that you pay close attention to small details.

Most facilities where a CNA works are not particularly glamorous, and it’s important to know that before entering into this job or any similar position in health care. CNA duties can include dealing with bodily fluids, dressing wounds, and other moments that quite simply aren’t for everyone.

Qualifications

Once you’re aware of all of the CNA responsibilities that are expected of the position, you’ll see the qualifications that are expected of the candidate, the first listed in this example are the education requirements. Most jobs will also require a high school diploma or an equivalent such as a GED, so you’ll want to make sure you have that documentation handy if you intend to interview for the job.

As mentioned earlier when we covered the importance of the job title, here you’ll find out whether or not the position technically requires you to be a “certified” nursing assistant. When this is a requirement, as it is in the example, you’ll need to be able to show proof of your certification. Other common certifications include CPR training and Basic Life Support.

As with the example listing above, many job descriptions will include additional skills and abilities. Here, you’ll find anything from required language skills (i.e. the ability to speak Spanish) to physical requirements (the ability to lift at least 50 pounds). Additional technical skills and requirements may also be listed here such as the ability to use computers or that applicants must be able to legally operate a vehicle.

Experience

For some CNA positions, no previous experience may be required. In the cases that experience is required, you’ll likely find a minimum amount listed with any preferences on specific types of experience the employer would prefer. If there are specific specialized skills the employer is looking for, be sure to spell those out explicitly on your CNA resume when you apply for the position.

Working Conditions

The conditions a CNA will experience can vary greatly from job to job, so it’s important to pay attention to the items listed in the working conditions section of the job description. The types of items you’ll find in this section can include:

  • Lighting
  • Noise level
  • Temperature
  • Hazardous materials you may work with
  • Types of physical activity you’ll experience on the job (sitting, kneeling, lifting, walking, etc.)
  • Any unusual scheduling items may also appear here, such as requirements to work weekends, holidays, and overtime shifts

Where to find CNA job descriptions?

Whether you’re in the middle of your CNA job search or just considering a career as a nursing aide, there are a number of ways you can explore existing job descriptions. First, major job boards such as Indeed, Monster, ZipRecruiter, Snagajob and many others provide a nearly endless supply of open CNA positions around the country. Simply head to one of those sites and do a search for “CNA” and have a look at the positions that are available and their associated descriptions to learn a bit more about what you can expect. For a more local approach, you can do a quick Google search for local nursing homes or hospitals and browse their jobs or careers pages to find open positions in your area.

What career paths can I take as a certified nursing assistant?

Most CNAs begin working in nursing homes and long-term care facilities. However, for many it’s just the first stop on a long nursing career. CNAs often transition into other nursing positions such as LPNs or RNs through continued education programs. You can learn more about these programs on the following pages on this site:

Other CNAs use their experience in care centers to move into administrative career paths such as office management. Regardless of one’s ultimate career path, the roles and responsibilities learned as a CNA can be a very solid starting point.